All organic garden waste stored in a pile decomposes over time. However, under the right conditions – with proper humidity and temperature, as well as shredding the material and mixing it – the decomposition process is much faster, and its end product is garden compost. Compost can be used as a substrate in container cultivation, although it is more often used to fertilize the soil in the garden.
By depositing garden waste in order to obtain compost, we should take care of it, that the most diverse material is available on the stock pile or in the container. If we have a lot of waste, which we properly arrange in layers, we will certainly get valuable fertilizer. A valuable material can also be made from a small amount of waste, if we mix them properly in the container.
If we decide to put waste in a container, we must have a suitable composter. Kiedy odpadów ogrodowych jest sporo, the simplest and cheapest solution is to compact or bind four pallets with wire. An equally good composter can be made of wire mesh stretched over four posts. There are quite a few wooden or plastic small composters available for sale. The problem with them is this, that the smaller the container, the faster it fills up with waste, which makes it difficult to obtain the right temperature in it. Rotary composters work only in theory - in practice they are of little use, similar to composters equipped with special flaps, designed to allow material to be selected from the lower layers.
Regardless of, which composter we will ultimately choose, must be provided with a lid. Otherwise, the rain would cool down the stored material and wash away valuable substances. Best, if we try to build a simple canopy ourselves, which will protect the compost from rain, while providing air access – such access is necessary in order to dry the material and ensure the proper course of the decomposition process.