Thanks to the efforts of dedicated gardeners, the soils that have been grown in gardens that have been cultivated for a long time are usually good. My garden is quite large. Its previous owners did everything they could, that the soil near the house is suitable for the cultivation of ornamental plants and vegetables. And actually, the land here is fertile and easy to care for. However, the farther from home, the more clay mixed with stones. The ground is very compact, it is difficult to dig, and when it's wet, it becomes sticky. In the case of the area around a new house, as a result of the construction works carried out, individual soil layers are very often mixed, whereby the parent soil may remain on top. Improving the composition and structure of such soil requires a lot of work and even more patience.
Professional soil testing:
• We can outsource a detailed soil analysis to regional chemical and agricultural stations, which will determine its type, reaction (together with the determination of the recommended doses of lime) and abundance in potassium, phosphorus and magnesium.
There are different types of soil around your new home. These can be well drained, but poor sandy lands; fertile, heavy clay soils or soils with intermediate characteristics. Some are acidic, other alkaline. Soil properties have a major influence on plant selection, which we will grow in our garden. It is therefore worth knowing the type of soil well, before we decide to plant specific plants. The gardener's life is much simpler and more enjoyable, if the actions are adjusted to the prevailing soil and climatic conditions, instead of fighting them. Let's check, what possibilities the soil gives us and let us adapt the cultivated plants to them, avoiding unnecessary failures. The more we know about soil, the easier it will be for us to improve its quality.
The structure of the soil
The structure of soil is the type and manner of mutual connection and the spatial arrangement of its solid particles. It has a major influence on the storage capacity of water and nutrients. Correct, the lumpy structure of the soil allows more water to be retained for plants and the soil is well ventilated. If we enrich the soil with organic material, this will significantly improve the water storage capacity. The components contained in the soil solution are mainly in the form of ions directly available to plants.
A simple test:
• We can say quite a lot about soil, just checking its consistency. A simple soil test is as follows: form a ball of moist soil with your hands and gently toss it upwards, like a ball. Sandy soil will be difficult to form, and if we do, the earth will scatter in your hands after the first toss. Average soil, sandy loam (which we care about the most), it will easily form and will only fall apart after the second or third toss. We can throw a ball of heavy clay soil endlessly.