Basic conditions for plant development.
Basic factors determining the development of plants – it's soil, light and water. You know, that each plant should be in a suitable environment for it, because only then can it vegetate normally. You have to remember about this, that the plant is breathing, draws water from the soil, and with it solutions of mineral salts, which – in combination with carbon dioxide taken from the air – form organic compounds, necessary for its vegetation. These processes take place in the roots, leaves, shoots. Soil, as an essential element of the plant environment, should contain a sufficient amount of nutrients, water and air.
Depending on the type and species of plants, mixes of different types of soil are used, e.g.. leafy, compost, the inspectorate. These mixtures almost always include the addition of sand or peat. Sand loosens soil particles, facilitating access to the roots of the air necessary for plant vegetation, peat improves soil moisture conditions and – just like sand – it contributes to the loosening of its cohesiveness. The appropriate composition of the mixtures guarantees the appropriate and favorable environment for individual plants.
Willing to receive leaf soil, the leaves that have fallen from the trees must be collected (avoiding oak and alder trees, containing a tannin that is harmful to plants), pour them with soil, work over several times (mix) and only after sifting, use for filling containers and planting plants.
Compost soil is made by decomposing any garden debris (weeds without seeds, cut plants, leaves etc.), as well as domestic (peelings, egg shells, etc.), which should be deposited preferably in a compost pit, sprinkle with soil and pour water from time to time. After some time (usually a year is enough) the compost should be mixed (redo) and sift, getting compost soil.
Frame soil is made of the fertilizer used for laying frames. After arranging it in piles, it is processed several times and sieved after a year, receiving the soil suitable for use.
Treatments necessary to obtain leaf soil, compost, the inspectorate – may be made by the owners of home gardens and plots of land; users of balconies and loggias must rather purchase ready-made land or a suitable mixture at a gardening plant or flower shop.
In addition to minerals and air, plants need water. Lack of water causes the plant to dry out, its excess prevents air from reaching the roots, causes them to die off (rot) and increases soil acidity.
Under the influence of many physical and biochemical processes, various chemical compounds are formed in the soil: rules, salts and acids, making it alkaline, neutral or sour. For most plants, a neutral or slightly acidic reaction is most appropriate.
Temperature is a very important factor in plant development, both land, and the environment, in which the plant is located. The temperature drop may be the result of a sudden cooling of the air or the use of too cold water for watering. Therefore, you should not water the plants with water taken directly from the tap, but keep it in the vessel for a while (bottles), to keep it warm and dechlorinated.
Regardless of soil preparation, it is also necessary to provide it with appropriate fertilizers enriching the soil with nutrients, and most of all in nitrogen compounds, phosphorus, potassium and calcium, as well as other substances, which, together with the carbon dioxide taken from the air, constitute the main food of plants.
Proper feeding of plants consists in providing the necessary ingredients in the right proportion, therefore it is best to use ready-made, commercially available fertilizer mixtures. Currently, Florowit is the easiest to use (in packages 1 l – available at flower shops).
The soil supply should be started in the spring (more intensive plant vegetation), and end in late summer or early fall. Before the procedure of fertilization should be remembered, that the earth should be moist. Freshly planted or transplanted plants can only be fed after a few weeks.
Plant overfeeding should be avoided, because it inhibits their growth, and may even cause them to die.