The importance of green areas for city residents, settlements, home.
Sun, air, green – are the basic and necessary conditions for normal human development, however, the path to understanding this truth was long and difficult.
The medieval town was a compact complex of narrow houses – in narrow streets – closed with a ring of defensive walls. Following the example of architecture created in the conditions of a warm Mediterranean climate, European construction for many centuries limited the access of air and sunlight to residential interiors. This had a decisive influence on the ratio of the size and number of window openings to the surfaces of the outer walls of the building. The gradual moving of residential construction beyond the walls and the urbanization of increasingly colder areas of Europe changed the requirements for residential buildings over the years, which resulted in the increasingly wider opening of the windows for light and greenery.
The constant development of the technique of erecting houses made it possible to enlarge the window area, equipping apartments with loggias, balconies and terraces. It was a decisive step towards leaving a closed interior into an open space, making a closer contact with the sun, a fresh breeze, street life. However, the contact of an average flat with greenery was still limited mainly to the gardens surrounding the palace residences.
In fact, it was only in the architectural solutions of the 19th century. an understanding of values was born, what air has for the life of the inhabitants of spontaneously developing cities, sun and green. Next to the green complexes surrounding the palaces, city parks are being created, accessible to all. The green stream flows into the streets, trees are planted on the sidewalks, it establishes lawns enriched with shrubs and flowers.
The 20th century introduces greenery to newly built housing estates and cities with a wide current. The urban planning of the newly designed complexes tore the peripheral buildings apart, departed from the nineteenth-century system of rented outbuildings, closed yards-wells, she treated green not only! as a decorative factor. All the green elements, like trees, shrubs and lawns, have become one of the most important conditions for modern life, a guarantee of better health, protection against the persistent noise of a modern city street.
Nowadays, where the city dweller spends 5/6 nights in closed rooms of the house, offices, tram, bus, the rush for recreation is born, escape into the open air, to the smoke-free sun, clear water of the lake, forest greenery not contaminated with exhaust fumes. But vacation or Saturday-Sunday recreation is often limited by communication difficulties, high cost. So it remains at the disposal of the underestimated, small, daily recreation – rest in the smallest garden of our balcony or loggia. Balconies, loggias and terraces are an extension of the residential interior not enclosed with walls, open to the sun, air, greenery. A modern residential building ceases to be gloomy only thanks to the swallow nests of balconies and loggias marked with chiaroscuro, chunky, concrete block. Balconies and loggias, in the condition in which the contractor hands them over to the residents, usually, however, they tend to be a dead decorative element, often used as a handy mess, junk warehouse. The little ones, open surfaces, inseparable from the apartment, they cannot be operated in their unfinished state. To serve the aforementioned small recreation, require careful management of greenery, flowers.
The widespread appearance of plants in apartments, windows, on balconies took place in the 19th century., to spontaneously develop in the 20th century. Users who want to choose the best solution in the field of greenery, to cultivate climbing plants and flowers, and to properly organize a place of rest functionally, rich literature comes to the rescue. Numerous books and colorful magazines devote to this – once a little, but how important it is today – a lot of space. And yes, like big city greenery, which not only decorates, but it also improves living conditions, yes and the little one, balcony-loggiawa, it not only adds color to facades, but it provides the conditions for a pleasant stay, healthy rest and isolates from annoying external influences. On larger balconies and loggias, you can create a home mini-garden, and by using various species of climbing plants to make them shaded, green gazebos. In hot, summer days, after a day of heat, balcony drowning in flowers and festoons of wild wine green, it will become an oasis of peace, "Hanging Garden of Babylon".
And when all the owners of balconies and loggias take care of their development, our homes will have a different look, street, settlements. The bogey facades with hundreds of dead balcony boxes will disappear, with dark eye sockets of the loggia.
Perhaps, the only box burning with fiery red geraniums will encourage other tenants to decorate their balconies, it will become an exclamation mark triggering a widespread initiative to improve life among the charm of greens, flowery balconies, loggii, terraces.