Planting plants correctly.
A good start is a guarantee of success. Careful soil preparation and the correct planting method are guaranteed, that over the years, a perennial bed will resemble a colorful floral carpet.
The view of a perennial bed should be a joy for many years, therefore it is very important to carefully prepare the substrate before planting the plants. In the case of feral and weedy beds, it means their complete digging, a hoe or fork can be used to loosen the soil on already cultivated areas. On this occasion, we take out and collect from the side all the roots of the weeds, such as couch grass, ground elder, morning glory or buttercup. It is quite a laborious job, because even the tiniest pieces of roots must be removed – if we leave them, in spring they will surely sprout new shoots.
Then the quality of the soil should be examined. Loosen very heavy soils with a high clay content by adding sand to them. Sandy soils require the addition of mineral flour, improving their ability to retain moisture. Peat soils can be turned into excellent garden soil, adding sand to them, mineral flour, lime and compost.
Finally, the nutrient content of the soil needs to be determined. The easiest way is to send the soil sample to a regional chemical-agricultural station or to a private laboratory. The test results will allow you to properly select the composition of the fertilizers used.
The course of planting plants:
Not a single scrap of bare soil can be left in the perennial bed.
Water the freshly bought perennials before planting. Only later can we plant them on a discount.
Old plants can be removed from the soil with a pitchfork, loosen the soil and pull the roots of weeds out of it, couch grass or ground elder.
Long-lasting organic fertilizers, mineral flour, soil conditioners or other soil conditioners are mixed with the cultivator.
We place the plants in the bed according to the plan, correcting it, if necessary. The distances between the different plants are not the same.
The root ball cannot be damaged by transplanting the plant. We turn the plant, grab below the root ball and remove the pot.
Place the plants in the wells dug with a small spatula. Then we carefully compact the soil around each plant by hand.
At the end, we water the rebate abundantly, preferably with a wide stream of water from a garden hose, which will not leach the soil.
To prevent weed seeds from sprouting, Cover the soil surface between the plants with straw mulch or cortex substrate.
For work on an already planted rebate, narrower tools are suitable. You can work with a hoe in places between plants.
Most perennials require shelter from the cold only during cold, snowless winters. It is best to cover them with branches of conifers.
Good plants grow faster.
Knowing each other though, a little on the plants, we have less trouble finding the best specimens in the garden store. In reputable garden stores, you can usually rely on the quality of the plants offered there. In other cases, you should look at the root clumps of the plants you buy – they must be well rooted, no browns, rotten places. In addition, the roots should not protrude from the hole in the bottom of the pot – they will need to be torn off when transplanting, which will hinder its further growth. Selected plants should be cleaned, that is, remove dead fragments, weeds and possibly peat substrate. Cut off too high shoots – it will save the plant unnecessary effort.
For perennials sold without the entire root ball, cut too long roots to the width of a hand.
Wood in the garden.
Bark substrates and shredded remains of branches are increasingly being used as mulch and path material. Composted wood-based remnants are also welcome in perennial beds because they contain potassium, which is not found in sufficient quantity in most mineral fertilizers.
Fertilizing and covering the rebate.
When preparing a bed for planting, we enrich it with organic fertilizers, with composting soil or other materials that improve soil composition and nutrient content. We repeat fertilization every year, in March, April or May. At the end of winter or early spring, we additionally cover the bed with a layer of humus or compost soil. Particular care should be taken for the soil under perennials (summer phloxes, larkspur, sunflowers and perennial asters).
Ways of caring for perennials.
Abundant watering is one of the most important measures for the care of perennials. Works best between plants, spray hose with holes. Such hoses can be purchased at a garden store, an old garden hose can also be adapted, perforating it with a hot needle.
Strong rains and winds can cause tall perennials to bend to the ground. That is why you should tie them neatly to the bamboo rods or use special supports. Some of the ornamental perennials, for example, New England asters and New Zealand asters, will become more durable, if at the end of June we shorten them by about a third of their height.
Thanks to the cut – double flowering.
Larkspur, adjective, summer gilding, lupines and sage not only tolerate post-flowering pruning perfectly, but they give out flower buds again after pruning. Only after these flowers have fallen can the shoots be cut off radically.